The Republic of Turkey is located in the western part of the Asian continent, bordered by Georgia, Bulgaria and the Black Sea to the north, bordered to the south by Syria, Iraq and the Mediterranean Sea. On the east, Armenia, Iran and Azerbaijan are bordered by the Mediterranean Sea. Ankara is the capital of Turkey. Its official language is Turkish. Its political system is a republican parliamentary system. Its currency is the Turkish lira. Turkey has a territory of 783.562 km2. It is characterized by its moderate climate. It is rainy and hot in summer.